The state's nickname, "The Evergreen State", was proposed in 1890 by Charles T. Conover of Seattle. Precipitation then increases again eastward toward the Rocky Mountains. Black pioneer George Washington Bush and his Caucasian wife, Isabella James Bush, from Missouri and Tennessee, respectively, led four white families into the territory and founded New Market, now Tumwater, in 1846. Justine Harrington is a freelance travel journalist (and lifelong wanderer) based in Austin, Texas. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfa. Washington has voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in every election since 1988. The eastern part of the state, on the other hand, experiences very cold winters and warm summers. However, do bring layers, a waterproof coat and a sweater, especially if you'll be visiting the coast or the Cascade Range; even in July and August, when temperatures tend to be humid and hot, nighttime can get chilly because of the winds that whip through Puget Sound off the Pacific Ocean.  Before the Europeans arrived, the region had many established tribes of aboriginal Americans, notable for their totem poles and their ornately carved canoes and masks. Western Washington is known for its mild climate, considerable fog, frequent cloud cover, long-lasting drizzles in the winter and warm, temperate summers. All are active volcanoes. The Eastern region occasionally experiences extreme climate.  The three national parks were established between 1899 and 1968. , Washington is crossed by a number of freight railroads, and Amtrak's passenger Cascade route between Eugene, Oregon and Vancouver, BC is the eighth busiest Amtrak service in the U.S. Seattle's King Street Station, the busiest station in Washington, and 15th busiest in the U.S., serves as the terminus for the two long distance Amtrak routes in Washington, the Empire Builder to Chicago and the Coast Starlight to Los Angeles. Climate Impacts and Action in Washington. Native Americans lived on Indian reservations or jurisdictory lands such as the Colville Indian Reservation, Makah, Muckleshoot Indian Reservation, Quinault, Salish people, Spokane Indian Reservation, and Yakama Indian Reservation. In one of the studies, state government scientists found unacceptable levels of toxic substances in 93 samples of freshwater fish from 45 sites.  However, this dominance did not last for long, as Democrats picked up one seat in the 1996 election, and two more in 1998, giving the Democrats a 5–4 majority.. Fall, especially, is a great time to see the city since temperatures are usually in the 50s and 60s. The state senate was under Republican control, due to two Democrats' joining Republicans to form the Majority Coalition Caucus. Washington does not have a stand-alone program for coastal zone management. Washington's state base sales tax is 6.5%, which is combined with a local sales tax that varies by locality.  Residents of Washington (known as "Washingtonians") and the Pacific Northwest simply refer to the state as "Washington", and the nation's capital "Washington, D.C.", "the other Washington", or simply "D.C.", Washington is the northwesternmost state of the contiguous United States. , In 2019 the legislature passed the Clean Energy Transformation Act, which requires all electricity sales to be from zero-carbon sources by 2045 and net-zero by 2030.  As of March 2017, the combined sales tax rate in Seattle and Tacoma was 10.1%. The westernmost and Pacific coasts have primarily American Indian communities, such as the Chinook, Lummi, and Salish. , Washington has a system of state highways, called State Routes, as well as an extensive ferry system which is the largest in the nation and the third largest in the world. CLIMATE ZONES FIGURE 301.1 CLIMATE ZONES 2 M:\data\CODES\STATE CODES\Oregon\2010\Energy Efficiency Specialty Code\Final VP\03_OR_Energy_2010.vp Monday, May 24, 2010 10:21:27 AM Color profile: Generic CMYK printer profile Composite Default screen Determine your climate zone. Named for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by the British Empire in 1846, in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. Although marijuana is still illegal under U.S. Federal law, persons 21 and older in Washington state can possess up to one ounce of marijuana, 16 ounces of marijuana-infused product in solid form, 72 ounces of marijuana-infused product in liquid form, or any combination of all three, and to legally consume marijuana and marijuana-infused products. Regardless of the specific region you're visiting, no matter where you go in Washington, keep in mind that folks like to keep it fairly casual.  Common trees and plants in the region are camassia, Douglas fir, hemlock, penstemon, ponderosa pine, western red cedar, and many species of ferns. There are more than 40 institutions of higher education in Washington. Three recent studies by the Washington State Department of Ecology showed toxic chemicals banned decades ago linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain. Home » Climate Zones » Western Washington Click to Enlarge. In November 2009, Washington voters approved full domestic partnerships via Referendum 71, marking the first time voters in any state expanded recognition of same-sex relationships at the ballot box. , The skeletal remains of Kennewick Man, one of the oldest and most complete human remains found in North America, were discovered in Washington. The state is typically thought of as politically divided by the Cascade Mountains, with Western Washington being liberal (particularly the I-5 Corridor) and Eastern Washington being conservative. In general, the western part of the state tends to be humid, mild and altogether temperate, whereas Eastern Washington is characterized by a much drier, cooler climate.  For the individual market, Molina Healthcare had the top share at 23%.. The air spiraling inward in a counter-clockwise fashion causes Washington's prevailing winds to come from the southwest, and bring relatively warm and moist air masses and a predictably wet season. For the most up to date and comprehensive analysis of climate change impacts on Washington State, see the University of Washington Climate Impacts Group 2013 assessment report, available here.. Economic Impacts of Climate Change (2007) in Washington State summarized impacts on forest fires, public health, agriculture, municipal water supply, sea level rise and fisheries. The remainder of the state consists of deep temperate rainforests in the west; mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast, and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to intensive agriculture. He claimed the coastal lands up to Prince William Sound for Spain as part of their claimed rights under the Treaty of Tordesillas, which they maintained made the Pacific a "Spanish lake" and all its shores part of the Spanish Empire. Get Seattle's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. The state does not collect a corporate income tax or franchise tax either. It continues to be the most important revenue source for public schools, fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation, and other special purpose districts. From the Cascade Mountains westward, Western Washington has a mostly Mediterranean Climate, with mild temperatures and wet winters, autumns and springs, and relatively dry summers. This is especially true of King County, home to Seattle and almost a third of the state's population. There are no term limits. This culminated in 1941 with the completion of the Grand Coulee Dam, the largest concrete structure in the United States.  Washington is the only U.S. state named after a president. Resolution of the territorial and treaty issues, west to the Pacific, was deferred until a later time. Seattle, Bellevue, and Redmond, which are all within King County, have sizable Chinese communities (including Taiwanese), as well as significant Indian and Japanese communities. Washington—Race and Hispanic Origin: 1850 to 1990", "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico 2010 Census National Summary File of Redistricting Data", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Washington; UNITED STATES", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Mandatory Busing in Seattle: Memories of a Bumpy Ride", "1,500 Cambodian refugees face deportation for crimes", "Puget Sound's Samoan community awaits news", Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 more information 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File, "Ethiopian and Eritrean Communities in Seattle", "Somali Community in Seattle—HistoryLink.org", "Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life (2014)", "LDS Statistics and Church Facts | Total Church Membership", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Wicca more prevalent in the Pacific Northwest than most realize", "Gross Domestic Product by State: Fourth Quarter and Annual 2018", "Fast-growing Washington state knocks Massachusetts out of the top 10 largest state economies", "Ports on East Coast, Gulf Coast Outgain West Coast Peers in Second-Annual CBRE Seaports Index", "Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates got even richer in 2017", "Local Sales and Use Tax Rates by City/County", "Sound Transit 3 sales-tax increase takes effect Saturday", "Border-hopping shoppers cost state millions in lost revenue", "WSDOT Washington State Ferries Our Fleet", "King County International Airport/Boeing Field", "Ridership Annual Measures—Accountability Center—King County Metro Transit—King County", "Welcome to 'the Most Toxic Place in America, "Nation's most ambitious project to clean up nuclear weapons waste has stalled at Hanford", "Inside America's most toxic nuclear waste dump, where 56 million gallons of buried radioactive sludge are leaking into the earth", "Toxics Persist in Washington Rivers, Lakes and Fish", "Phosphate Ban Signed Into Law In Washington State", "Historical Perspecitve (sic) Of The Phosphate Detergent Conflict", "Six States Will Boast All-Women Senate Delegations in 2019", "The 15 Best-Educated Districts in the U.S., and Why It Matters in the Georgia Race", "Washington Top Two Primaries, Initiative 872 (2004)", "Colorado, Washington OK Recreational Marijuana Use", "Paid Sick Leave—Labor & Industries (L&I), Washington State", "Washington joins West Coast bloc of sanctuary states", "Competition in health insurance research", "The health insurer with largest individual market share in each state", "Dismantling of state's health reforms in 1993 may offer lessons for Obamacare repeal", "Consumer Reports: Seattle-area hospitals get low marks for stopping infections", "First Hill bustling with hospitals, culture", "The Evergreen State: Washington State Nickname", "Senate passes measure designating Walla Walla onion state veggie", "WSDOT—Highway Map—Washington State Facts", The official tourism site of the State of Washington, Secretary of State's Washington History website, Washington Administrative Code (State Administrative Rules), USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Washington, U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts: Washington, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, Police Scanner Information for Washington state, CWU Brooks Library Edward W. Nolan Photograph Collection, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility, 1788–89 United States presidential election, Samuel Osgood House (First Presidential Mansion), Alexander Macomb House (Second Presidential Mansion), General George Washington Resigning His Commission, Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington_(state)&oldid=999568079#Climate, States and territories established in 1889, States of the West Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles needing the year an event occurred from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles to be expanded from December 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 21:15. 131 ] weather patterns across the state assess any tax on retirement income earned and from... 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